Standoff detection of biological agents using laser induced fluorescence - a comparison of 294 nm and 355 nm excitation wavelengths

Author
Farsund, Øystein
Rustad, Gunnar
Skogan, Gunnar
Date Issued
2012
Permalink
https://ffi-publikasjoner.archive.knowledgearc.net/handle/20.500.12242/23
DOI
10.1364/BOE.3.002964
Collection
Articles
Description
Farsund, Øystein; Rustad, Gunnar; Skogan, Gunnar. Standoff detection of biological agents using laser induced fluorescence - a comparison of 294 nm and 355 nm excitation wavelengths. Biomedical Optics Express 2012 ;Volum 3.(11) s. 2964-2975
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Abstract
Standoff detection measuring the fluorescence spectra of seven different biological agents excited by 294 nm as well as 355 nm wavelength laser pulses has been undertaken. The biological warfare agent simulants were released in a semi-closed aerosol chamber at 210 m standoff distance and excited by light at either of the two wavelengths using the same instrument. Significant differences in several of the agents’ fluorescence response were seen at the two wavelengths. The anthrax simulants’ fluorescence responses were almost an order of magnitude stronger at the shorter wavelength excitation. However, most importantly, the fluorescence spectra were significantly more dissimilar at 294 nm than at 355 nm excitation with ~7 nm spectral resolution. This indicates that classification of the substances should be possible with a lower error rate for standoff detection using 294 nm rather than 355 nm excitation wavelength, or even better, utilizing both.
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