Efficiency and productivity in the operational units of the armed forces: A Norwegian example

Author
Hanson, Torbjørn
Date Issued
2016
Permalink
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12242/573
https://publications.ffi.no/123456789/573
DOI
10.1016/j.ijpe.2016.05.016
Collection
Articles
Description
Hanson, Torbjørn. Efficiency and productivity in the operational units of the armed forces: A Norwegian example. International Journal of Production Economics 2016 ;Volum 179. s. 12-23
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Abstract
Most nations spend a considerable part of their gross domestic product (GDP) on defense. However, no previous study has addressed productivity and efficiency in the core area of the armed forces, operational units, using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). Introducing a model for the production process of an operational unit, productivity and efficiency are estimated by DEA for units of one branch of the Norwegian armed forces. Small samples are a characteristic of DEA studies in the military, and the public sector in general, resulting in nearly half of the units being estimated as fully efficient. We find that, by using the bootstrap technique to estimate confidence intervals, we can point to uncertainty in the estimates and reduce the number of candidates for best practice.
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