Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Is Increasing in Norway: A Time Series Analysis of Reported MRSA and Methicillin-Sensitive S. aureus Cases, 1997–2010

Author
Moxnes, John Fredrik
De Blasio, Birgitte Freiesleben
Leegaard, Truls Michael
Moen, Aina Elisabeth Fossum
Date Issued
2013
Permalink
http://publications.ffi.no/handle/123456789/36
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0070499
Collection
Articles
Description
Moxnes, John Fredrik; De Blasio, Birgitte Freiesleben; Leegaard, Truls Michael; Moen, Aina Elisabeth Fossum. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Is Increasing in Norway: A Time Series Analysis of Reported MRSA and Methicillin-Sensitive S. aureus Cases, 1997–2010. PLoS ONE 2013 ;Volum 8.(8)
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Abstract
The current study simulated cross-country skiing on varying terrain by using a power balance model. By applying the hypothetical inductive deductive method, we compared the simulated position along the track with actual skiing on snow, and calculated the theoretical effect of friction and air drag on skiing performance. As input values in the model, air drag and friction were estimated from the literature, whereas the model included relationships between heart rate, metabolic rate, and work rate based on the treadmill roller-ski testing of an elite cross-country skier. We verified this procedure by testing four models of metabolic rate against experimental data on the treadmill. The experimental data corresponded well with the simulations, with the best fit when work rate was increased on uphill and decreased on downhill terrain. The simulations predicted that skiing time increases by 3%–4% when either friction or air drag increases by 10%. In conclusion, the power balance model was found to be a useful tool for predicting how various factors influence racing performance in cross-country skiing.
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